Types of Architecture


Architects are professionals who are licensed to create and oversee the overall aesthetics of building structures. But although most people know they are design experts, not many are aware that there are actually different types of architects that specialize in diverse sectors and projects.

The area of specialization that many architects choose to pursue is often dependent on the architect’s training, interests, and career history. While there are many local architects in the UK, the number of top-notch firms that employ different types of architecture specialists is limited. This is because most firms would often focus on just one or two specializations.

Knowing the type of architects involved in a construction project is important in order to determine whether they have the right skill set to effectively consult on the build.

Commercial Architect

Many students of architecture will tell you that their dream is to design high-rise buildings that will define a city’s skyline or maybe create the next iconic tourist spot that will be photographed by millions of people. These types of structures are designed by commercial architects.

A commercial architect is a type of architect that specialises in designing building projects such as retail shops, office towers, hotels, museums, hospitals, public buildings, government centres, and other non-residential properties. These architects are experts in designing buildings that are functional and practical for a large number of building users whilst also aspiring to be memorable or even inspirational places.

Aside from having superb design skills, a commercial architect is required to have a full understanding of commercial building codes, safety regulations, and the financials involved in construction.

Residential Architect

Designing a beautiful home is probably considered as a basic architectural task. In this generation where cookie cutter homes are more common due to the practicality and affordability they provide to homeowners, many people may not see residential architecture as an exceptional speciality.

But some of the world’s most famous architects like Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier have designed residential homes that became world famous. Even British-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid, who was better known for her neo-futurist commercial buildings designed at least one private residence, albeit unconventional.

Residential architects typically work with private clients and real estate developers to develop stylish and functional dwellings for homeowners. When designing a customized house for a single client, a residential architect must have the creative skills to turn a client’s dream home into reality while still keeping it functional and within budget. Residential architects also need to be familiar with the local building codes and neighborhood restrictions, as well as have the ability to adapt to these limitations.

Industrial Architect

Industrial architects lend their expertise in designing spaces where functional requirements are topmost priority. The buildings typically designed by industrial architects include warehouses, factories, storage buildings, distribution and logistics facilities, production and processing plants, power plants, transport hubs and terminals, and many more.

An industrial architect is a type of architect who is able to translate and integrate the different processes, machinery, equipment, and other requirements of a specific industry into a functional building design. The main goal of industrial architects is to be able to provide a space that can help streamline the operations of a business while providing an ergonomic space for its users.

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